ARKANSAS Infantry Regiment
(South Arkansas Regiment - McNair's Regiment)
Mustered in 17 Aug 61 at Miller's Springs, Lawrence co., Missouri.
Reorganized 8 May 62, Corinth, Miss. Formed part of 1st Arkansas
Mounted Rifles Consolidated 9 Apr 65. Surrendered 26 Apr 65.
Captain Charles M OHLSON
(Acting Commissary and Subsistence Officer)
Appointed from Co E 13 Aug 62 at Clinton, Tenn. Relieved from
duty by Special Order no 83/ 3 (dated 20 May 63), Headquarters,
Department No. 2 and Western Department. Present and accounted
for through Jun 63. Next appears on a list of Confederate POWs
confined and released at Kemper Barracks, Cincinnatti, Ohio,
dated 6 Oct 63. Remarks: "Turned over to Capt. [C. R.]
West, 20th Kentucky". D: ?
Here is the history about his capture, taken from the book
"THE CAMP, THE BIVOUAC AND THE BATTLE FIELD"
by W.L. GAMMAGE , BRIGADE SURGEON OF MC'NAIR'S BRIGADE (written
and published in 1864)
" I have already alluded to the capture of some of our
medical officers of the brigade on the evening of Friday
the 18th of September 1863. It happened in this wise: Dr.
DeBerry, surgeon of the 2d Arkansas regiment; Dr. Orme, surgeon
of the 25th Arkansas regiment; Dr. Hatcher, surgeon of the 39th
North Carolina regiment; Drs. Mitchell, and Jones, assistant
surgeons of the 4th Arkansas and 31st Arkansas regiment and
4th battalion Arkansas Infantry, with
Capt. Charles M. Ohlson, happening to remain behind
to procure rations, attempted to join their commands, when they
were halted by a picket and required to tell who they were,
which having done, they were ordered to dismount and advance,
one at a time. They, supposing the challenge to be a Confederate
vidette, complied, one going forward at a time. Dr. DeBerry,
being the hindmost one of the group, halted, and having a suspicion
that there was something wrong, turned his horse and galloped
furiously back down the road. The others were no sooner within
the picket lines than they were robbed of their horses and hurried
back to Chattanooga under guard, where they were kept as prisoners
until the fight was over and all of our wounded shipped off
to the various hospitals in the interior. The medical officers
were then exchanged and sent through the lines to join the command.
Captain Ohlson was retained as a prisoner of war,
and the boys who shared his captivity for a short time report
that the last time they saw him, he was keeping step between
two lusty musketeers and cursing the “D—d wagabones-’. "
Co E (Confederate Guards)
1st Sergeant / 2d Lieutenant Charles
B: ca. 1831 in Norway. Enlisted near Mount Vernon, Mo., 17
Aug 61 for 12 months.Elected 2d lieutenant 8 May 62 (to rank
from 3 Mar 62). Appointed Acting Commissary and Subsistence
officer 13 Aug 62 and assigned to the regimental staff with
the rank of Captain.